Власти Чехии объявили в стране карантин из-за коронавируса

Премьер-министр Чехии Андрей Бабиш ввел в стране общенациональный карантин для борьбы с распространением коронавирусной инфекции SARS-CoV-2.

Антиэпидемиологические ограничения вступили в силу с полуночи понедельника, 16 марта и продлятся до 6:00 (8:00 мск) вторника, 24 марта, сообщает газета Prague Morning.

Теперь жители страны смогут выходить из дома только для поездок на работу, посещения аптек и медучреждений, а также, чтобы купить продукты или ухаживать за родственниками.

Жителям Чехии также разрешат посещать банки и почту. Во всех остальных случаях свободное передвижение по стране запрещается.

По словам Бабиша, для контроля карантинных мер полиции будут помогать более 2 тыс. военнослужащих и около 400 сотрудников таможни.

В Чехии на данный момент подтверждено 293 случая заражения коронавирусом. Еще около 5 тыс. человек находятся в изоляции.

Ранее, 13 марта, правительство Чехии приняло решение о запрете с 16 марта въезда в республику всем иностранным гражданам, кроме тех, кто имеет вид на жительство в стране. Кроме того, запрещен выезд из Чехии ее гражданам.

Coronavirus

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

Заражение коронавирусом: Чехия

Заражение коронавирусом по разным странам

На данный момент коронавирус обнаружен в общей сложности в 171 стране.

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Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)

WHO is continuously monitoring and responding to this outbreak. This Q&A will be updated as more is known about COVID-19, how it spreads and how it is affecting people worldwide. For more information, check back regularly on WHO’s coronavirus pages. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.

People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings.

Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?

Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air. See previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”

Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?

The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the period of transmission of COVID-19 and will continue to share updated findings.

Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with the disease?

The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.

Protection measures for everyone

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks. Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
    Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
    Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
    Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
    Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
    Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
    Why? You have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.

Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading

  • Follow the guidance outlined above (Protection measures for everyone)
  • Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people.
    Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
    Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

The risk depends on where you are — and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19 outbreak unfolding there.

For most people in most locations the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. However, there are now places around the world (cities or areas) where the disease is spreading. For people living in, or visiting, these areas the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher. Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time a new case of COVID-19 is identified. Be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel, movement or large gatherings. Cooperating with disease control efforts will reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19.

COVID-19 outbreaks can be contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown in China and some other countries. Unfortunately, new outbreaks can emerge rapidly. It’s important to be aware of the situation where you are or intend to go. WHO publishes daily updates on the COVID-19 situation worldwide.

Illness due to COVID-19 infection is generally mild, especially for children and young adults. However, it can cause serious illness: about 1 in every 5 people who catch it need hospital care. It is therefore quite normal for people to worry about how the COVID-19 outbreak will affect them and their loved ones.

We can channel our concerns into actions to protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities. First and foremost among these actions is regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene. Secondly, keep informed and follow the advice of the local health authorities including any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings.

While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.

No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses, they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of COVID-19, there is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease. WHO does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings are available.

Not yet. To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to prevent or treat COVID-2019. However, those affected should receive care to relieve symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalized. Most patients recover thanks to supportive care.

Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19.

The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COV >(See Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus ).

No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the one that caused the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 are related to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are quite different.

SARS was more deadly but much less infectious than COVID-19. There have been no outbreaks of SARS anywhere in the world since 2003.

Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask. There is a world-wide shortage of masks, so WHO urges people to use masks wisely.

WHO advises rational use of medical masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of precious resources and mis-use of masks (see Advice on the use of masks).

The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing. See basic protective measures against the new coronavirus for more information.

  1. Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough.
  2. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  3. Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
  4. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
  5. Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
  6. Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
  7. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
  8. After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
  9. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.
  10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more data become available.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in animals. Occasionally, people get infected with these viruses which may then spread to other people. For example, SARS-CoV was associated with civet cats and MERS-CoV is transmitted by dromedary camels. Possible animal sources of COVID-19 have not yet been confirmed.

To protect yourself, such as when visiting live animal markets, avoid direct contact with animals and surfaces in contact with animals. Ensure good food safety practices at all times. Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care to avoid contamination of uncooked foods and avoid consuming raw or undercooked animal products.

While there has been one instance of a dog being infected in Hong Kong, to date, there is no evidence that a dog, cat or any pet can transmit COVID-19. COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly.

WHO continues to monitor the latest research on this and other COVID-19 topics and will update as new findings are available.

It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).

If you think a surface may be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself and others. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Yes. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, travelled, and exposed to different conditions and temperature is also low.

The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-2019 and can be harmful:

  • Smoking
  • Wearing multiple masks
  • Taking antibiotics (See question 10 «Are there any medicines of therapies that can prevent or cure COVID-19?«)

In any case, if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early to reduce the risk of developing a more severe infection and be sure to share your recent travel history with your health care provider.

Без школ, такси и ресторанов: как живет Прага в условиях коронавируса

С воскресенья в Чехии, где, по данным минздрава страны, насчитывается 383 заболевших новым коронавирусом и пока нет ни одной смерти, введен довольно жесткий карантин. Власти страны обсуждали его около 7 часов, в итоге в стране на время запретили работу сервисов типа Airbnb, приостановили деятельность компаний Uber и Bolt, функционировать могут только их подразделения по доставке еды. Также власти ограничили работу стоматологов и фармацевтов. Зато для граждан карантин оказался довольно мягким — тотального запрета выходить из дома нет, можно ездить на работу, ходить в магазины и аптеки, в экстренных случаях — посещать родственников. Можно даже гулять в парке или в лесу, но соблюдая безопасную дистанцию в два метра. С субботы в стране прекращена работа всех кафе и ресторанов, они могут только продавать еду на вынос.

В Праге коронавирус обнаружен у 143 человек. Со вторника мэрия города обязала жителей носить маски в транспорте. На улице нет обязанности надевать маску, но это желательно. Масок в аптеках нет, их предлагают сшить самим или прикрываться шарфиком.

С 16 марта приехать в Чехию могут только граждане и люди с постоянным видом на жительство. Но они не смогут покинуть страну. Остальным въезд пока закрыт. Маркетолог Иван должен был прилететь из Москвы в Прагу 16 марта. Он только что получил визу D, дающую право на долгосрочное пребывание и работу. Формально это приравнивается к виду на жительство. Но карточку ВНЖ он может получить только в отделении МВД Чехии и опасается, что по новым правилам для чешских пограничников только визы будет не достаточно. Сейчас он не знает, когда сможет попасть в страну. Главная авиакомпания Чехии Smartwings/Czech Airlines с понедельника приостановила все полеты из-за границы.

Самая странная ситуация сейчас у людей с паспортами ЕС, они могут жить и работать во всем Евросоюзе, лишь уведомив местные власти. Многие не берут с собой в поездки по Европе чешские документы. Из-за режима ЧП едва не оказалась по разные стороны границы семья Петершек.

Паула и Роберт — экспаты, они живут на две страны (не считая их собственных). Роберт — гражданин Германии и США, он программист, недавно его пригласили работать в британскую компанию. Он был в Лондоне в тот день, когда правительство Чехии объявило, что с 14 марта в стране закрыт въезд из 15 государств, в том числе из Великобритании. Никаких чешских документов у него с собой не было, в Британию он приехал с немецким ID. Его жена Паула рассказывает, что за несколько часов до решения правительства Чехии она попросила мужа поменять билеты на более ранний рейс. В итоге Роберт успел прилететь в Прагу до вступления в силу режима ЧП. Сейчас они вместе с двумя детьми и родителями Роберта сидят на добровольном карантине. Спасает то, что дом находится за городом, у них есть садик, где можно гулять.

Одна из главных сложностей чрезвычайного положения — закрытие школ. Это означает, что кто-то из родителей не может работать. Американка Хилари Уайтли как раз попала в такую ситуацию: у нее двое детей, которые сейчас сидят дома. Она переводчица, работает с финансовыми отчетами. Сейчас у нее горячий сезон, но вынуждена отказывать клиентам. По предварительным подсчетам, за время действия чрезвычайного положения она потеряет как минимум €2000. Семья продолжает платить за обучение старшего ребенка в одной из международных школ, это 20 тысяч чешских крон (около €760).

Школьные учителя при этом продолжают ходить на работу — они дают уроки онлайн. Француженка Катрин Бове (имя изменено) преподает французский в одной из международных школ. Несколько мировых компаний из-за коронавируса разрешили бесплатно использовать их инструменты для онлайн-обучения. По правилам школы у всех учеников должен быть Macbook, и это очень облегчает преподавание на удаленке. Ее сын тоже учится в международной школе, в мае он должен сдавать IGCSE, это британский аналог ОГЭ (обязательный государственный экзамен, который школьники сдают после 9-го класса). Сейчас Катрин не знает, сможет ли школа из-за закрытых границ провести экзамен, который должны сертифицировать британские специалисты. Ее старшая дочь сейчас в Австралии, они должны были вместе провести там пасхальные каникулы. Эти планы уже пришлось отменить.

Одна из самых пострадавших категорий населения — американские студенты, приехавшие учиться по обмену. Многие университеты в США, после того как Трамп объявил о закрытии границ Соединенных Штатов, велели своим студентам вернуться домой, не дожидаясь конца семестра. Начиная с пятницы почти половину клиентов им пришлось экстренно отправлять домой — в США, рассказывает сотрудник агентства, организовывающего обучение студентов за границей. Оценить финансовые потери в агентстве не берутся, так как ситуация меняется каждый день.

Многие компании разрешили своим сотрудникам работать из дома. Вообще борьба с коронавирусом объединила людей. Например, появились группы волонтеров, которые помогают пожилым людям покупать продукты и лекарства. Полки магазинов после объявления чрезвычайного положения несколько опустели, многие пенсионеры здесь тоже небогатые и не могут закупиться впрок. В специализированных группах люди предлагают бесплатно погулять с собаками тех, кто попал на карантин. Государство тоже дает поблажки: на три месяца продлен срок подачи налоговых деклараций.

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